Food and travel, one of life’s great experience intersections. Although we enjoy our share of refined cuisine and elaborate meals at restaurants, it’s often our street food quests around the world — raw on-the-ground journeys that convey authenticity — that yield some of life’s most revealing moments and enlighten us in unexpected ways. Here are our 50 favorite street food dishes from around the world.
Food generally serves as a natural gateway to a more profound understanding of culture and history, people and place. Street food draws us naturally to explore, to press further afield than we otherwise might, allowing us to make greater personal discoveries not only about the flavor of local foods, but also the essence of the cultures they represent.
To those of you who agree, we preach to the culinary choir. But for others, food might be less a priority, a matter of sustenance. To you, we make the case that the active search for street food and novel street level culinary experiences not only fills the bowl, but also feeds the soul.
Note: Street food aficionados, we use the term “street food” as shorthand for local, authentic culinary experiences. So bear with us as several of the examples in the 40 experiences below are taken from hole-in-wall restaurants, hawker food courts and fresh markets around the world.
Update: This article was originally published in March 2015 and was updated in January 2020 with additional favorite street food dishes from our recent travels.
5 Ways Street Food Quests Serve as a Tool for Exploration
1. They take your further
Use the street food dish you seek as the final destination. Many of the world’s most fascinating markets and remarkable street food stalls are found in areas well away from tourist centers and popular neighborhoods. The process of seeking out street food often creates a “mission” that takes you across town to and through neighborhoods you might otherwise not visit.
Whether you walk or use public transport, your quest for the ultimate dumpling, bean soup, taco or curry becomes an adventure in itself, with the meal as the goal, but the journey as the unexpected payoff.
2. They take you deeper
Street food is remarkably democratic, for we all need to eat. One of the best ways to meet and engage with ordinary, local people and land the holy grail of authentic local interaction (i.e., outside of tourism and service professionals) is by sharing a plastic table, communal condiments, and a bit of conversation.
If spoken language isn’t an issue we’ll often begin by asking questions about local food, which can lead to topics such as family, culture, and politics. If there is no common spoken language, we’ll practice our charade skills to inquire as to which condiments to use or how to properly tackle what we’re eating.
In any event, we find that almost everyone enjoys sharing their local cuisine with visitors.
3. They help you explore your boundaries
I may not be as intrepid or adventurous a street food eater as Dan, but the search for street food definitely helps build my culinary courage. If I can't easily identify the food in front of me (e.g., it has come from a part of an animal I’m not accustomed to eating), I often shy away.
But when I find myself in a street food setting where people are excited for visitors to try their food, it’s difficult for me to say no. I often find that my fears about the food were unfounded, and I enjoy it much to my surprise.
4. They help you exercise your language skills
If you are looking to exercise your linguistic chops, there’s no better place than over a shared meal with random strangers. And if you're accompanying your meal with a cold beer, language inhibitions seem to fall away even quicker.
5. They teach you how simple it is to cook
Since you are so close to the action, street food lays it all bare. Street food chefs offer the opportunity — language skills permitting — for you to get a firsthand sense of the flow and preparation of your favorite local dishes as you admire the culinary magic up close.
After you witness a beautiful dish emerge from a tiny gas stove and a kitchen equipped with only basic tools, you begin to understand the great lessons in limitation.
50 Favorite Street Food Eats from Around the World
The following is only the tip of the street food iceberg of possibilities, in alphabetical order so we don't get into arguments as to whose is better. We include some traditional dishes as well as a few unusual suspects.
If you're concerned about eating street food for fear of getting sick, read our tips for eating local and staying healthy.
Although empanadas (stuffed pastries, usually savory) can be found throughout Argentina, the best ones are from the Salta region in the northwestern part of the country. It is also the only region where hot sauce is common. Hurrah!!
Although kebabs — grilled ground or chunked meat on a skewer — are not unique to Armenia, we did find that when we wanted a quick and easy snack, a kebab wrapped in lavash (flat bread) was the street food of choice.
READ MORE: The Lost Table: Armenian Food
Australia: Meat Pies
Hearty, savory, delicious and cheap. Australian meat pies (and don't worry, there are also vegetarian varieties) were a staple quick snack or meal during our travels throughout the country. You can usually find them everywhere, from gas stations to small cafes, even if you are in the middle of nowhere…which does happen a lot in Australia.
Bali (Indonesia): Nasi Campur
Nasi campur is essentially a Balinese mixed plate served with rice. Most restaurants will make the choice for you, but at warungs, the local food outlets on Bali, the nasi campur selection is up to you. You can choose from delectables such as sate lilit, spicy tempeh, chopped vegetables, spice-rubbed meat, chicken, and tofu.
READ MORE: Bali Food: From Satay to Sambal
Singara are spiced potato and vegetable mixture pockets wrapped in a thin dough and fried. What distinguishes a good singara is how flaky the texture is. Some are so flaky, as if they're made with savory pie crust. Singara are ubiquitous and inexpensive (as cheap as 24 for $1).
READ MORE: Bangladeshi Food: An Overview
Salteñas are empanada-like pockets filled with chicken or meat and finished with a distinctive slightly sweet, baked crust. The salteñas pictured below were filled with both chicken and ground beef, a boiled egg, herbs, and an olive. Spice options include fiery, hot, normal and sweet. Something for everyone.
READ MORE: Bolivia: Travel to Love or Travel to Learn?
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ćevapi
Walk through downtown Sarajevo and it's hard not to be gripped by the smell of ćevapi, the Bosnian national dish of grilled meat. Ćevapi is often served in installments of five or ten minced meat logs tucked into a round of flat bread. Our preference is with onions and a side of kajmak (thick cream). You won't need to eat for days after one of these meals.
Brazil (Bahia): Acarajé
Acarajé is an Afro-Brazilian dish that comes from the Bahia region, but you can also find it at markets and street stalls in other parts of the country. It is made from a spiced, mashed bean mixture, usually with ground shrimp, that is made into balls or patties and fried in fried in dendê oil (palm oil). It is then usually covered (or filled, like a sandwich) with salty shrimp (camarão do sal), herbs, vegetables and some sort of sauce. You can find acarajé stands on the main squares of Salvador, but our favorite was at a nearby beach.
Cambodia: Breakfast Soup
We found our tuk-tuk driver having breakfast with other drivers when we exited the temples at Banteay Srei near Siem Reap. He invited us to join him and he introduced us to a fantastic morning soup. It consisted of a subtle yellow curry fish broth with fresh rice noodles, paper-thin chopped banana blossom, cucumber, and cabbage — all topped off with a spoonful of dark sweet sauce. A bowl of bitter herbs and long beans circulated our table for the final touch.
READ MORE: What’s Cookin’ in Battambang
Chile: Completo Italiano
When we arrived in Chile, we were on a mission to eat a proper completo (hot dog). Although we usually practice hot dog avoidance, these beauties were hard to resist. The one pictured here merges avocado, tomato and mayonnaise in the flag-like completo italiano.
Selecting just one street food dish from China borders on the impossible, but we'll go with the crowd favorite Chinese dumplings. Of the hundreds of dumplings we sampled in China these pork, shrimp and leek dumplings at Da Yu dumpling joint near the No. 6 bathing area in Qingdao stick out. Fresh, delicious and perfectly steamed.
READ MORE: Top 10 Chinese Dumplings
Colombian gluten-free comfort food at its best. An arepa is a fried round of cornmeal dough. They can either be served plain, as a side starch to a meal, or stuffed with cheese (arepa de queso), egg or other fillings. The stuffed varieties are more interesting and tasty. Each region of Colombia has its own arepa specialties so it’s worth trying a few different varieties as you make you’re way around the country.
It seems like each country in Latin America serves its own unique style of ceviche, so we found it necessary to try it in each country we visited. While we have to admit that Peruvian ceviche is our favorite (see below), this bowl of shrimp ceviche with from the Central Market in Quito ran a close second with its fresh shrimp, plentiful herbs, and bits of tomato. Oh, and we were big fans of the popcorn as a side.
READ MORE: Ecuador Travel, More Than Just the Galapagos
Egypt: Sugar Cane Juice
The first time we visited Cairo was in December 2011 when demonstrations were still taking place on Tahrir Square and news channels around the world were lit up with scenes of violence and protest. But our experience in the almost 8-million person city was filled with encounters like this one, with a friendly sugar cane juice master of Old Cairo. And in case you're wondering, we did not get sick.
El Salvador: Pupusa
Pupusas (stuffed corn tortillas) are the go-to street food of choice throughout El Salvador. Filled with refried red beans, cheese and a dash of chicharron (salty pork rinds), the pupusas below from a simple street stand east of central park in Juayua were the best we had eaten anywhere. Top with pickled vegetables and chili peppers. Delicious!
Ethiopia: Street Side Coffee Ceremony
A traditional Ethiopian coffee ceremony will likely take at least twenty minutes from start to finish for the first cup of coffee, but it is absolutely well worth the wait. You need to sample a few, and perhaps only then will you begin to fully comprehend how important coffee is to Ethiopia, the purported birthplace of the stuff.
Georgia (Republic of): Khachapuri
Khachapuri, the ubiquitous signature Georgian cheese-stuffed bread oozes gooey goodness. A common site on the Georgian table — at breakfast, lunch or dinner. Because the cheese inside is mildly brined, it's salty goodness is like a diet-demolishing siren call.
Germany (Berlin): Döner Kebab
Everyone knows about döner kebabs in Berlin. But Mustafa's on Mehringdamm Street in Kreuzberg is not your typical döner. Rather than flakes of beef or veal, shavings of chicken pressed with roasted vegetables fall from Mustafa's spindle and are served with a fabulous mélange of potatoes, sweet potatoes, salad, feta-like cheese, freshly squeezed lemon and mystery sauce.
If you are vegetarian, you can also opt for pure veg. You'll know you've arrived at Mustafa's when you see the long line snaking down the street.
READ MORE: Berlin Cheap Eats: Top 10 Under 5 Euros
Greece (Crete): Bugatsa
On the Greek island of Crete, it sometimes seemed as though all we did was eat. In the island's main city of Heraklion, just prior to our departure, we were recommended to try bugatsa, a pastry filled with cream and/or cheese, and sprinkled with powdered sugar. The most famous bugatsa is served at Kipkop, a bakery founded in 1922 by Armenian immigrants whose descendants dish the same original recipe to this day.
Guatemala served as our first stop in Central America. We took to street food in Antigua almost straight away. This, a chuchito (similar to a Mexican tamale – shredded meat and vegetables stuffed in a mass of boiled, ground corn), was smothered in fresh guacamole, salsa and cabbage.
Haiti: Mayi Moulen Kole ak Legim
Lots of street food in Haiti is fried — plantains, pork, other meat bits, potatoes, etc. But if you're looking for a hearty meal for just a couple dollars, this dish of cornmeal, beans and vegetable stew (mayi moulen kole ak legim) is where it's at. The cornmeal consistency is somewhere between polenta and cream-of-wheat (or cream-of-cornmeal, as it were).
READ MORE: Haitian Food: From Pwason to Pikliz
While the rest of Central America is all about the corn, Honduras' staple street food dish — the baleada — is made with wheat flour. And honestly, this was a relief after three months of maize. Stuffed with combinations of cheese, beans, eggs, and various meats, baleadas quickly became our Honduran comfort food.
How can anyone resist fried bread smothered in sour cream? That is why the Hungarian langos is an easy favorite. Make your way into just about any market in Hungary and you are sure to find langos, if the signature aroma of it doesn't find you first. Try garlic langos and you'll be vampire-free — and probably friendless for a few hours.
India: Aloo Tikki
There is so much street food goodness in India, but we'll have to go with this aloo tikki (spiced potato snacks) stand in Varanasi as one of our favorites. The aloo tikki was good, but the charismatic vendor who roped me in to cook for him is what made the experience. Note: if you do venture to eat street food in India, stick to the cooked products and be wary of fresh herb and vegetable toppings that may have been washed in unclean water.
READ MORE: South Indian Food: A Few Favorites
Iran: Spiced Fava Beans
After all the kebabs and meats in Iran, we were thankful to find this vendor selling a big pile of steamed, spiced fava beans in the mountains near Kermanshah. Delicious with a dash of vinegar and red pepper. I think he found our vegetable-deprived group a bit odd as we kept coming back for additional servings.
Italy (Naples): Seafood Fritto Misto
Italian food is all about the freshness of ingredients. Even the simplest of dishes are delicious for this reason. And this is especially so in Naples, a foodie’s paradise in the southern part of the country. This city is known for its love of all things fried, including pizza fritta (yes, that is fried pizza), but our favorite street food snack in Naples was the simple cuoppo napoletano filled with fritto misto (mixed fried things). This simple paper cone is filled with lightly fried fresh fish and seafood (shrimp, clams, squid, octopus, etc.) straight from the fish vendors at Pignasecca market. Vegetarians, don’t despair, as you can also find fritto misto made with fried zucchini blossoms, zucchini, aubergine and more. Delicious, as well as filling.
Octopus balls? Yes, please. Takoyaki are fluffy hot rounds of chopped octopus in herbed dough. All part of the experience: watching the masters quickly turn their takoyaki with long toothpicks in something that looks like a cupcake pan, so that the balls cook evenly on all sides. Takoyaki is often topped with a sweet sauce, aonori (powdered seaweed), and ample helpings of hanakatsuo (dried bonito fish flakes).
READ MORE: Japanese Food: From Tempura to Takoyaki
Street food doesn't always have to be savory. Knafeh is a decadent Middle Eastern dessert made from a gooey, white cheese base with semolina bits baked on top and covered in sweet syrup. Though we take every opportunity we get to eat the stuff, we have yet to find a knafeh better than what is served up at Habibeh (Habiba) in downtown Amman, Jordan. Every person we've spoken to who has visited Amman mentions this knafeh with a longing sigh.
Samsa are meat, onion and spice filled dough pockets. These are a staple of street food stalls, fresh markets and hillside animal markets across Kyrgyzstan. However, for the best samsa in the country, head to Osh in the south where the “Oshski samsa” is baked inside a clay tandoor oven.
Laos: Or Lam
It's possible to visit Luang Prabang and be tricked into thinking you're eating Lao food, as many restaurants pimp Thai curries as Lao food. After asking around we finally found Or Lam, a spicy stew with mushrooms, eggplant, meat, lemongrass and chillies. In the back is khai paen (spiced, dried river weed) and jaew bawng (a Lao dipping sauce). All of this goes perfectly with a cold Beer Lao.
READ MORE: Lao Food Lowdown
Madagascar: Mofo Anana
One of our favorite snacks in Madagascar is called mofo, the country’s signature savory spiced beignet fritters or pakoras. Our favorite was the mofo anana (literally, leafy green bread) that are fried fritters filled with leafy green strips and spices. You can find these in markets and street (just be sure they are recently fried), as well as on menus in restaurants and hotels.
READ MORE: Madagascar Food: A Culinary Travel Guide
Malaysia: Sambal Sotong
It's worth traveling to Malaysia, if only for the cuisine. Malaysian street food is a delightful melange, drawing influence from China and from across Southeast Asia. And that doesn't even touch the country's Indian food scene. Many street food stands specialize in just one dish, and it's not uncommon to find that multiple generations have worked together to perfect their recipe.
READ MORE: Multicultural Snacking in Malaysia
Qassatat are a traditional Maltese savory pastry (or pastizzi) that you can find all over the island. They are round with a whole at the top so you can see the fillings. Traditional fillings include either peas or ricotta, but our favorite was the one chock full of spinach. They might not look like big, but they are rather hearty since they have quite a bit of savory fillings. We picked up a couple of qassatat at one of the pastazzi stands at the Valletta bus station and found to be a great and filling picnic lunch during our day hikes along the coast.
Mexico (Oaxaca): Tlayuda
When we decided where to spend two months in Mexico, we choose Oaxaca primarily because of its cuisine and street food scene. One of our favorite street food or market snacks was the tlayuda, a large semi-dried tortilla, sometimes glazed with a thin layer of unrefined pork lard called asiento, and topped with refried beans (frijol), tomatoes, avocadoes, and some variation of meat (chorizo, tasajo or cencilla, or shredded chicken tinga). It can either be served open, or when it’s cooked on a charcoal grill, folded in half. One is often enough to feed two people.
READ MORE: Oaxaca Food: 41 Things to Eat and Drink
Myanmar (Burma): Mohinga
Geographically, Myanmar sits at the intersection of South Asian (Indian), East Asian (Chinese), and Southeast Asian (Thai). Culinarily, it does too. This was a pleasant surprise for us and Burmese food exceeded our expectations. And one of our favorite Burmese dishes was mohinga (or mohinka), a soup that includes rice vermicelli in a fish-based broth of onions, garlic, ginger, and lemon grass. It was usually topped with sliced banana blossom, boiled eggs and fritters (akyaw). This is usually served for breakfast, but try to seek it out any time of the day.
It's hard for me to resist dumplings anywhere, and Nepal's momos were no exception. Served steamed or occasionally fried, momos are a staple in and around the areas of the Tibetan plateau, including all over Nepal.
When it's brutally hot and humid and you're waiting hours for the bus, a shot of tereré, the national drink (nay, the national sport) of Paraguay, definitely helps. Tereré looks like yerba mate, but it is served cold and can be enjoyed for hours.
READ MORE: Why Paraguay?
Peru was the culinary highlight of our travels through Latin America. The cevicheria at the Surquillo market in Lima bustles with people, especially on the weekend. A huge plate of mixed seafood ceviche runs about $4-$5. Discussions about Peruvian family life and politics are free of charge.
READ MORE: Peruvian Food: More than Just Ceviche
Portugal: Pastel de Nata
These unique flaky-crusted, creamy custard-filled treats lining the streets of Lisbon are addictive. The original pastel de nata is believed to have been made by nuns in nearby Belem where they used left over egg yolks to make the pastry's signature custard filling. It’s hard not to stop at every bakery in Portugal showcasing these beauties in the window and sample one (or two) with a bica (local espresso).
Singapore: Hainanese Chicken
Hainanese chicken rice is a culinary specialty unique to Singapore. The description may sound unremarkable, but its flavor delights. The dish consists of chicken broth, slices of roasted (or steamed) chicken served with cucumbers and herbs, hot sauce, sweet soy sauce, and a light chicken stock soup with vegetables. Delicious in its subtlety.
READ MORE: What to Do in Singapore? Eat!
South Africa: Bunny Chow
Bunny chow is essentially a hollowed out piece of plain, white sandwich bread stuffed with curry (or masala, if you like). Rumors have it that it was designed this way to make it easy for plantation workers to take their lunch to the fields. Bunny chow serves as culinary evidence of South Asian influence in South Africa, and more specifically in the city of Durban.
Sri Lanka: Hoppers
A hopper is a typical Sri Lankan dish that is a thin bowl-shaped pancake made from rice flour and coconut milk, often with the option of a fried egg inside. It is usually served with a simple curry for a delicious, savory snack. They are almost as fun to eat as they are to watch being made by the masters at work on the street with their special hopper pans and smile.
St. Maarten / St. Martin: Johnny Cakes
Local food can be heard to find in St. Maarten / St. Martin, but if you look hard enough you will indeed find it. When you do we recommend trying a johnny cake, a fried snack made with corn meal popular throughout the Caribbean. It can be eaten on its own or on the side of soup, but it is also often cut in half like a roll to use in sandwiches. Our favorite in St. Maarten was the johnny cake with salt fish.
Thailand: Street Side Red Curry
Thailand is where our love affair with street food really took off. Thailand is one of those places worth visiting, if only for the street food. So while we know that Thai street food goes well beyond curries, a beautiful plate of shrimp red curry covered with fresh Thai basil was the dish got it started all those years ago on our first visit to Bangkok.
READ MORE: Bangkok’s 15-Course Street Meal on the Cheap
There's a lot of bad and soggy borek (stuffed thin pastry) in the world. During our visit to Istanbul en route to Iran, we became regulars for this man's crispy cheese-stuffed borek. Convenient, too, as his shop was right across the street from our flat in Beyoğlu.
If you ever find yourself hungry in Kampala, Uganda then head to the Mengo Market for some kikomando. Kikomando is a filling dish made of beans mixed with slices of chapati. It is said that if you eat a lot of it you will be strong like Arnold Schwarzenegger in the movie Commando. Not sure about that, but a plate of it will stuff you for the rest of the day.
I have a weakness for dumplings of all varieties, and Ukrainian varenyky are no exception. These smallish dumplings are usually stuffed with either ground meat, potatoes, cabbage, mushrooms or cheese. You are usually offered the option of steamed or fried, and they are then topped with fried onions and served with smetana (sour cream). You'll find varenyky served at all local festivals and are a staple of any Ukrainian cafeteria or restaurant.
Plov is the Uzbek national dish. Think rice pilaf with fried julienned carrots, red pepper, caraway seeds, and chunks of meat. Plov is so ubiquitous throughout the region that self-described local connoisseurs can discern differences that are imperceptible to foreigners, much like the relationship Americans have with pizza and chili. We’ll keep our radar tuned for the first Central Asian plov cook-off.
READ MORE: Central Asian Food Guide
Vietnam: Cha Ca
Vietnam is another incredible destination for street food lovers. During our winter visit we tried cha ca which is a distinct hot pot meal of fish, turmeric, dill, coriander and other greens served with noodles, peanuts, vinegar and chilies. As with many meals in Vietnam, you'll be served piles of greens, noodles, spices, and other tasty bits to tune your dish to the precise flavor profile you seek.
READ MORE: A Taste of Hanoi
Xinjiang (China): Laghman
We place Xinjiang street food in its own category as the region is a distinct ethnic blend of Turkic and Mongolian. So although Xinjiang cuisine shows some hints of what one might call “traditional” Chinese influence, its dishes are often quite different from mainstream Chinese food. One of our favorites was pulled noodles, or laghman, which we enjoyed not only for the taste, but also for the flair of its preparation. Pulled noodles are tossed, beaten and pulled to ensure the right consistency before being dunked in soups and suoman, a blend of noodles, vegetables and meat.
READ MORE: Top 10 Xinjiang Dishes
Gluten Free Street Food Eating
If you have celiac disease or a gluten intolerance there's good and bad news about eating gluten free street food. On the positive side, most street food is cooked to order so it can be customized for your needs. Plus, you often have a chance to talk directly with the cook. On the negative side, sometimes street food stands do not speak foreign languages so communication might be difficult. In addition, they may only have one pan to fry and cook foods so you have to be very careful about cross-contamination.
To help you navigate street food so that you can eat local, but also gluten free and with confidence, check out this collection of Gluten Free Restaurant Cards created by our friend, Jodi. These restaurant cards are already in fifteen foreign languages, with more languages being added all the time, so many of the countries and dishes mentioned above are already included. These Gluten Free Restaurant Cards explain in detail, using local food names and language, your needs as a strictly gluten free eater so that you get the meal you want and need.
Jodi has celiac disease herself and is a lover of street food so she understands first-hand the importance of being able to communicate gluten free needs in detail and educate waiters and restaurants on what this means in practice. She created her series of Gluten Free Restaurant Cards in different languages to help celiac and gluten free travelers eat local with confidence, and without communication problems or getting sick.
Note: These gluten free restaurant cards are not part of an affiliate plan or a way for us to make money. We are extremely fortunate that we can eat everything, but we've seen the challenges of others who are celiac or have food intolerances where every meal can potentially make them sick or cause pain. These detailed gluten free cards were created to help prevent that from happening and make eating out fun and enjoyable when traveling.
Now it's your turn. Which street food quests have led you on an adventure?