Reflections on the broader import of International Women’s Day, including why investing in women around the world is an investment in our future generations. We also examine how travelers can seek out organizations and travel service providers who directly invest in or indirectly impact the well-being of women in communities around the world.
When we set off on our journey around the world over 10 years ago, we did so with the idea that to understand a place, we needed to experience it on the ground, at eye level. To walk its streets, eat its food, and talk to and interact with its people. As we spoke to both men and women everywhere we went, the importance of story to understand various sub-narratives that course throughout our lives and the world’s communities became clear to us.
We observed women and their evolving role in society. It feels strange saying this as a man — and forgive me for the sweeping generalization — but in so many places (certainly not all), as men played backgammon, dominoes, and cards and drank tea or coffee all day, the women were caring for what needed to be cared for. Whether it was the home, the market stall, the community center or the school, more often than not the women, it seemed, were the ones doing.
This observation, combined with research we consumed about the impact of investing in women, accelerated our interest in projects which focused on women's issues, including their economic and social empowerment. To complete the circle, we now consider this issue in light of how we travel and the choices we make. And we ask ourselves how individual travelers might impact this cause through their own deliberate travel decisions. We share several practical ways to do this.
- Stories of Women from Our Travels
- Importance of Investment in Women: A Few Stories
- The Tourism Industry and Investing in Women: How and Why
- How Travelers Can Make Decisions That Impact Women's Issues
- Women: The Future
Note: This article was originally published in 2016 in connection with a photography exhibition we were part of in Berlin called “Planet Her” focused on the role tourism can play in women's development. It has been fully updated in 2018 with more information and practical ways travelers can align their decisions and spending to support women's initiatives and businesses.
As we lengthened our journey, we focused on the issue of women in development, particularly through the lens of social enterprise and microfinance programs. In one of our first photo projects in Northern West Bengal, India, we met a group of women in a kind of self-help micro-lending group whose ties to each other were not only economic but also deeply personal. The women, through their work and cooperation, lifted each other up and helped one another to grow small businesses. They used the opportunity to develop bonds and friendships across castes — something almost unthinkable in traditional Indian society — in ways that even began to surprise them.
We observed these connections and societal changes again and again, whether we happened to be profiling microfinance projects in Latin America or visiting social enterprise projects connected to Planeterra Foundation and G Adventures in northern Tanzania.
But there was something more going on: what women were doing with the investment.
There is a reason we continue to use the word “investment” in the context of these projects. While visiting a Kiva microfinance partner outside of Cochabamba, Bolivia, we spoke to Servanda, then a borrower and member of the program.
She gave us a hint of the importance of this concept and approach: “Never before did anyone invest in us, believe in us. Even we didn’t believe we were worthy of investment, that we could build something. Now we know that we are able to create our own businesses.” She emphasized that she and her counterparts were not looking for handouts, but access.
Access. To education, to credit, and to opportunities to participate equally in society.
What happens when we invest? Where will that money go when placed in the hands of women who care?
“I want to send my children to a better school.”
“I want to be able to buy better food and take them to the doctor when they need it.”
“I want my daughter to finish school, unlike me.”
The G Adventures and Planeterra Moshi Mamas project near Mt. Kilimanjaro in Tanzania provides business training and market access to sell crafts and services through a locally run social enterprise. Shoshe, one of its participants, summed up her aspirations and hope in the program: “I want to break the cycle for my daughter. I want to prove women can work and earn money.”
To put this in context, according to Kiva, a microfinance organization which lends money via the internet to low-income entrepreneurs around the world, women reinvest 80% of the income they earn into the education and wellbeing of children.
TL;DR: Investing in women is an investment in our future generations.
How can the travel industry invest in women? And how can tourism be linked to women’s development? And what impact can all this have?
We asked Adrienne Lee from the Planeterra Foundation, where she's worked on many of the organization’s projects involving women’s economic and social empowerment:
“When you invest in women and a women-owned or women-led business, women gain greater agency and freedom to determine how money is spent. This strengthens decision-making powers, builds self-esteem, and promotes leadership in communities.
Directly, tourism creates opportunities and jobs. It can enhance lives and livelihoods. Tourism is one of the few industries that can take untapped transferrable skills and transform them for use in the formal economy.
Indirectly, tourism can also alleviate some of the challenging burdens that are too often delegated to women worldwide. In many emerging economies, women often carry the heavier burden of being in charge of the household’s needs, for examples, having to acquire their household’s water, fuel, and food. With developing tourism infrastructure for travellers, resources such as water tanks and electrical grids installed to support tourists, can also support local communities’ infrastructure.”
At this point you might be thinking: “All this sounds great, but this investment in women is the work of NGOs and international development organizations. What can I, the average traveler, do to contribute to women’s development? How do my choices connect to providing women access to income generation, education and services?”
Quite a bit, it turns out. When travelers align their decisions and purchases with their values, the impact on local organizations and communities can be substantial. However, travelers often don’t know where to look for travel experiences or tourism-related services that support women.
Here are a few ideas to get you started for your next trip.
1. Look for tours which incorporate a women-oriented project in the itinerary.
This may require doing a bit of research and even contacting the tour company or travel agent to ask specifics about the itinerary. Regardless, there are tour companies who work with women’s organizations, and explicitly call out this collaboration in their itineraries. Increasingly, they do this not only as a matter of expressing their values, but also to meet the growing traveler demand for engaged, cause-oriented, experience-enhancing travel interaction.
For example, Planeterra Foundation's portfolio includes 13 projects that work with local organizations connected to women's empowerment and are incorporated into G Adventures tour experiences. This means that if you travel to Nepal on a G Adventures tour you will likely take a cooking class with women from the local organization Sasane, an NGO which trains survivors of human trafficking to be paralegals so they can help to defend other victims. A portion of the proceeds from the cooking class and lunch is used to fund Sasane’s projects, so it may expand both its reach and its service offering in Nepal. In this way, each traveler makes a small contribution to the Sasane mission of breaking the cycle of human trafficking in Nepal.
In this particular travel experience, the traveler learns how to make Nepalese momos (dumplings, and delicious!) and enjoys the interaction of having lunch with local women. These tours, offered continuously, host a constant stream of travelers. Sasane can count on this as a reliable source of funding for its activities and can reduce the time it spends chasing grants and charity donations. Finally and most importantly, the local women leading the instruction and experience earn money to support themselves and their families.
Recently, Sasane has used some of the guide training and assistance from Planeterra Foundation to expand their offerings to travelers to include trekking. Not only are the trekking guides survivors of human trafficking, thereby offering them employment, but some of the routes go through remote and rural areas of Nepal where trafficking is unfortunately still a big problem. One of the big goals is to build up tourism infrastructure and services (e.g., guest houses, cafes, etc.) around these routes and treks so that these rural areas have more income generating options and alternative livelihoods, thereby trying to reduce the main reason behind human trafficking: extreme poverty. Take a look at the treks and tours they offer if you're traveling to Nepal anytime soon.
Adrienne Lee also spoke to us about the importance of travel market access these Planeterra / G Adventures initiatives provide to the local organizations they work with:
“This was a dream of one of our community development partners for close to ten years. They had received numerous training and consulting services over the last decade, but the link to a market partner (G Adventures) helped them turn around and launch their business. From our initial meetings with this partner to when G Adventures started to pilot their first groups – we launched this social business for marginalized women in less than a year. We anticipate it will be open to the public in just a few months, and the business has already started to see a four-fold increase in their revenue.”
Planeterra has just announced that it is launching four more projects connected to women in Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Turkey and Namibia — offering further opportunities to connect your travels to projects that work with local women. We are particularly excited about the Rwanda project as we first visited the local organization — Nyamirambo Womens Center – during our visit to Kigali, Rwanda several years ago. We passed the organization's contact information onto Planeterra as we were impressed with the NGO’s work in the local community.
Travelers, if you ever wonder about your impact, even suggestions based on firsthand experience can make a difference to the way business is done, and eventually to the lives of people on the ground. For us, it is satisfying to see things come full circle.
2. Travelers can seek out social enterprises that work with women and children
A social enterprise is essentially an organization that functions on one level like a business to earn money, but whose profits are given back to the community. In addition, social enterprises often train and employ people from disadvantaged backgrounds, sometimes including those who were previously homeless, trafficked or struggling with substance-abuse issues who often don't get a second chance. While the traveler enjoys a great meal, handmade souvenir, or walking tour, proceeds from these experiences fund the community development work of those social enterprises.
On our recent trip to Cambodia, Audrey sought out a social enterprise offering manicures and pedicures. At Friends Nail Bar in Phnom Penh, beauty salon staff are former street children who have been given training in practical job skills through Friends International NGO; they can now support themselves through their work. Audrey emerged with nice nails and a pleasant experience, and the money she spent helped pay salaries and fund training for more young adults in similar or other job skills.
Over the last few years we’ve found more social enterprises emerging, sometimes in surprising places. To help you get started in your search for social enterprises on your next trip, consider checking out the Grassroots Volunteering social enterprise database.
3. Support women’s initiatives and women-owned businesses directly when you travel.
Think of all the services one needs as a traveler – food, tours, guiding, accommodation, transport, etc. Then ask yourself: is it possible to support or choose women-owned businesses or businesses with innovative women’s programs as you fill these needs? Sometimes yes, sometimes no. In any event, it's worth being aware of the possibility so that you might connect your decisions and spending with services that support women.
This approach of linking your decisions with your values could be as seeking out restaurants and shops run by women. It also could involve booking a trek with the first female trekking guides in the Pamir Mountains of Tajikistan, taking a cooking class with a refugee woman in Berlin in support of an NGO which helps newly arrived refugee women, booking a taxi in Delhi, India with a female taxi driver, or going to a safari lodge in Botswana whose all-female safari guiding team was the first in the country and on the continent.
For even more ideas, here is an article featuring women-led tours and travel experiences from around the world.
There are myriad ways to make an impact, however small. The choices you make do matter.
It’s no wonder that the great verbal constructs of stewardship and care — “Mother Earth”, “Pachamama”, “Mother Nature” — all position the force that underlies humanity and brings us together as that of a woman.
As we consider the world’s most pressing issues, including social and economic justice and environmental stability, maybe we ought to look more closely at this force and give it the resources it needs to innovate and craft sustainable solutions.
And when we honor women and their untapped potential, I suspect we will better serve the needs of everyone on the planet.